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Station: Bowling Green (IRT East Side Line)

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IRT East Side Line
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Woodlawn · Mosholu Parkway · Bedford Park Boulevard · Kingsbridge Road · Fordham Road · 183rd Street · Burnside Avenue · 176th Street · Mt. Eden Avenue · 170th Street · 167th Street · 161st Street-Yankee Stadium · 149th Street-Grand Concourse · 138th Street · 125th Street · 86th Street · 59th Street · Grand Central · 14th Street-Union Square · Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall · Fulton Street · Wall Street · Bowling Green · Borough Hall · Nevins Street · Atlantic Avenue · Franklin Avenue · Utica Avenue

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Dyre Avenue · Baychester Avenue · Gun Hill Road · Pelham Parkway · Morris Park · East 180th Street · West Farms Sq.-East Tremont Ave.-177th St. · 174th Street · Freeman Street · Simpson Street · Intervale Avenue · Prospect Avenue · Jackson Avenue · 3rd Avenue-149th Street · 149th Street-Grand Concourse · 138th Street · 125th Street · 86th Street · 59th Street · Grand Central · 14th Street-Union Square · Brooklyn Bridge-City Hall · Fulton Street · Wall Street · Bowling Green · Borough Hall · Nevins Street · Atlantic Avenue · Franklin Avenue · President Street · Sterling Street · Winthrop Street · Church Avenue · Beverly Road · Newkirk Avenue · Flatbush Avenue


Overview

Opened: 7/10/1905

Bowling Green station serves the express trains from the IRT East Side line heading to/from Brooklyn. The station layout is unusual; it has a full length island platform, a side platform slightly offset on the eastern (northbound) side, and a quarter-length island platform on the western (southbound) side. Only the island platform is original construction, the rest were added later. Now, northbound trains open their doors on the right side of the train, onto the eastern side platform; southbound trains open their doors on the left side of the train onto the island platform. A railing runs the length of the island platform along the northbound track face. The short southbound-side platform is abandoned; so one could consider the station now having two tracks and two side platforms. The diagram below will more clearly illustrate the platform arrangement.

So why is this station so unusual? An overview of the service patterns at this station should make it clear. The station opened in July 1905 with only the island platform, and as of yet, no service to Brooklyn. Express trains from the East Side line entered the station from the north, stopped at Bowling Green, then circled the "Battery Loop" to South Ferry station, returning northbound and stopping at Bowling Green on their uptown journey. (Yes, South Ferry was built as part of the East Side line, and not of the IRT West Side/7th Ave. Line of which it is now primarily a part.)

South of Bowling Green, the Battery Loop consisted of one main track (connecting the downtown side of Bowling Green to the uptown side); one station on this loop track (South Ferry, with a single side platform on the outside of the loop), and a second inner loop track used for layups, storage, disabled trains, etc., and provision for the two main tracks to pass under the loop to Brooklyn.

In January, 1908, the tunnel to Brooklyn opened, and the initial service pattern had some express trains running to Borough Hall and some terminating at South Ferry via the Battery Loop. Demand for Brooklyn service was immediately higher than this service pattern permitted and it was necessary to run all rush hour trains through to Borough Hall. So, to provide rush hour service to South Ferry, construction started February 23, 1909 on the strange, short side platform on the west side of the Bowling Green station, and a new trackway connecting into the Battery Loop. Completed in April, 1909, shuttles then provided all rush hour service to South Ferry using this short platform. Off-peak trains continued to circle the South Ferry loop (and still do, although the terminating trains from the East Side line use the inner track and do not stop at South Ferry).

In 1918, the completion of the IRT West Side line from Times Square to South Ferry created a second connection into the Battery Loop. The West Side service began using the South Ferry station as its southern terminal. To continue providing the shuttle service, South Ferry had a second platform face added on the inside of the loop along the second track (the one formerly used only to turn or layup trains mentioned above.) The tracks are arranged so that the shuttle train enters and South Ferry Inner and returns in the same direction from which it came, without fouling the West Side service on the outer track.

The shuttle operation was discontinued in 1977 due to budget cuts, yet the platform and wall were renovated anyway in 1978. The 1978 renovation covered over original Heins & LaFarge mosaic "tapestries" that were along the side walls.

So one more piece of Bowling Green requires explanation, the side platform on the eastern (northbound) side. This was built as part of the 1970s renovations, due to high passenger volume on the island platform. Additional exits were required from the island platform; building the side platform allowed for an underpass to be built, with exits to the street from the side platform. This funneled some of the traffic away from the headhouse exit at the south end. The fare control now consists of the restored headhouse entrance at the south end, which serves only the island platform, and various other entrances that lead to the eastern side platform and down to a large fare control gate area in the underpass.

map-sferry.gif


Artwork

The Essence of Time, Nicole Bengiveno (2007)

Historic New York Photographs

A Way To Go, Zach DeSart (2009)

Photo Gallery


Image 5
(104k, 1044x788)
Photo by: David Pirmann
Location: Bowling Green

Image 2648
(203k, 1024x680)
Photo by: Doug Grotjahn
Collection of: Joe Testagrose
Location: Bowling Green

Image 24203
(110k, 720x478)
Photo by: Peter Ehrlich
Location: Bowling Green

Image 42128
(157k, 1024x699)
Photo by: Harry Pinsker
Location: Bowling Green

Image 43130
(144k, 832x566)
Photo by: Stuart Gitlow
Location: Bowling Green

Image 65589
(97k, 820x622)
Photo by: Bill E.
Location: Bowling Green

Image 72472
(162k, 1024x768)
Photo by: John Barnes
Location: Bowling Green
Artwork: The Essence of Time (Nicole Bengiveno)

Image 72493
(186k, 1044x788)
Photo by: John Barnes
Location: Bowling Green
Artwork: The Essence of Time (Nicole Bengiveno)

Image 72494
(157k, 1044x788)
Photo by: John Barnes
Location: Bowling Green

Image 78776
(208k, 1044x791)
Photo by: Roberto C. Tobar
Location: Bowling Green

Image 85373
(170k, 1044x705)
Photo by: Filip Matuska
Location: Bowling Green

Image 92702
(109k, 800x600)
Photo by: Phillip Lee
Location: Bowling Green

Image 92707
(99k, 800x600)
Photo by: Phillip Lee
Location: Bowling Green

Image 94674
(273k, 930x618)
Photo by: Peter Ehrlich
Location: Bowling Green

Image 130850
(320k, 1044x700)
Photo by: John Dooley
Location: Bowling Green


More Images: 1-50 51-92









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