IRT Woodlawn Line
A northbound #4 train enters Fordham Road station in July 2001. Photo by David Pirmann.
The Woodlawn line was constructed as part of the Dual Contracts expansion program. The line opened in stages beginning June 2, 1917. The New York Times reported on June 3, 1917:
Yesterday afternoon the operation of the new Jerome Avenue elevated branch of the Lexington Avenue subway from 149th Street north to Kingsbridge Road was begun. The event was celebrated by the Bronx Transit League, members of which were carried over the route in a special train leaving the station at 149th Street and Mott Avenue at 2:15pm. Exercises and a concert in honor of the event followed at the Old Fordham Clubhouse, Fordham Road and Morris Avenue. .... The operation of this line will be temporary, pending the completion of the new Lexington Avenue line, of which the Jerome Avenue extension is a portion. Trains of four cars will be operated upon a ten-minute headway during the day and on a twelve-minute headway after 8pm.
The Jerome Avenue line is one of the new elevated and subway extensions reaching into the northern part of the Bronx. It is one of the two divisions of the Lexington Avenue trunk from which it forks as a subway at about 135th Street in the Bronx. It continues as a three-tracked subway to approximately 157th Street and thence becomes an elevated line extending over River Avenue and into Jerome Avenue at 169th Street, terminating at Woodlawn Road and Van Cortlandt Park.
The subway portion of the Jerome Avenue line is a little over a mile in length, while the elevated portion is approximately 4.8 miles in length. ... The operation of the section that was opened yesterday adds about ten track miles to the Dual System lines in operation. ... Only the stations between 149th Street and Kingsbridge Road will now be placed in service. It will not be operated throughout its entire length to Woodlawn in connection with the Lexington Avenue line until some time in the late Autumn.
Several of the stations on this line are of steel, covered wth concrete and tile work and highly decorative in character, including the stations at Bedford Park Boulevard, Mosholu Parkway, Woodlawn, and 161st Street.
At 162nd Street on the Jerome Avenue line, connection will be made by way of the 162nd Street connection with the tracks of the Ninth Avenue elevated line. Late in the Winter of 1917 it is expected that operation may be undertaken by this route.
Including the subway and elevated portion from 135th Street north to Woodlawn Road the Jerome Avenue line will cost approximately, when completed, about $7,000,000. The elevated portion has cost about $3,000,000 to construct and the subway portion slightly over $4,000,000. The contract for the subway portion from 135th to 157th Streets was executed on November 17, 1911, while the two contracts for general construction of the elevated portion were let on December 31, 1913, and April 3, 1914.
Sources: "Three New Links Of The Dual Subway System Opened", The New York Times, June 3, 1917.
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