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IND 8th Avenue/Fulton Street/Rockaway Line

From nycsubway.org

title_ny_fulton.jpg

R-44 no. 5396 trailing an A train on the IND Fulton Street Line at 80th Street/Hudson Street. Photo by David Pirmann, April 2009.

Contents

Overview

Rockaway Line

The Rockaway line dates back to 1892 when it was built by the Long Island Railroad. In 1898 demand was so great that the Brooklyn Elevated Railway (later to be absorbed by the BRT) gained permission for Brooklyn El trains to use the Rockaway line for access to the beach. Demand continued to soar and the city began eyeing the line.

We move to 1950. A serious track fire destroyed a trestle along the line and the LIRR begged to abandon it in favor of their "land route" to Far Rockaway. The city stepped in and bought the line for $8.5 million and spent an additional $47.5 million to adapt the line to subway use, including a fireproof bridge over Jamaica Bay. Two man-made islands were created for the subway by pumping up fill from the bay. The line opened in 1956, with Far Rockaway station opening in 1958.

Initially, the line had an extra fare charged south of Broad Channel station. There were exit turnstiles at the Rockaway stations which required payment to exit. Boarding passengers paid a double fare.

Today, the line operates as two spurs, one to Far Rockaway and one to Rockaway Park. The Far Rockaway side has new lights and well maintained stations, while the Rockaway Park side, with the exception of the Rockaway Park Terminal, have old lights, dim mezzanines, and are in poorer condition.

There have been numerous service patterns to the Rockaways, of which the latest shows signs that the service is beginning to bring in money. During overnight hours all trains go to Far Rockaway rather than Lefferts Blvd. as was the practice. The Rockaway Park shuttle also runs all night. During summer weekends, the shuttle is extended to Euclid Ave. to further improve Rockaway service. Several rush hour "A" trains go to Rockaway Park, as well as the usual Lefferts and Far Rockaway service.

We board our train to Far Rockaway at the Rockaway Boulevard station. Turning south toward the bay, the line at present is three tracks but more tracks were present and some are visible through the brush along the right of way.

Stations/Sites

IND 8th Avenue/Fulton Street/Rockaway Line
Court Street
A.GIF 207th Street · Dyckman Street-200th Street · 190th Street-Overlook Terrace · 181st Street · 175th Street-George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal · 168th Street · 163rd Street-Amsterdam Avenue · 155th Street · 145th Street · 125th Street · 59th Street-Columbus Circle · 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal · 34th Street-Penn Station · 14th Street · West 4th Street-Washington Square · Canal Street-Holland Tunnel · Chambers Street-World Trade Center · Fulton Street (Broadway-Nassau) · High Street-Brooklyn Bridge · Jay St.-Metrotech (Borough Hall) · Hoyt-Schermerhorn Street · Nostrand Avenue · Utica Avenue · Broadway-East New York · Euclid Avenue · Grant Avenue · 80th Street-Hudson Street · 88th Street-Boyd Avenue · Rockaway Boulevard · 104th Street-Oxford Avenue · 111th Street-Greenwood Avenue · Lefferts Boulevard · Aqueduct Racetrack · Aqueduct-North Conduit Avenue · Howard Beach · Jamaica Bay Crossing · Broad Channel · Hammels Wye · Beach 67th Street-Gaston Avenue · Beach 60th Street-Straiton · Beach 44th Street-Frank Avenue · Beach 36th Street-Edgemere · Beach 25th Street-Wavecrest · Mott Avenue-Far Rockaway · Beach 90th Street-Holland · Beach 98th Street-Playland · Beach 105th Street-Seaside · Rockaway Park-Beach 116th Street
B.GIF Bedford Park Boulevard ·Kingsbridge Road ·Fordham Road · 182nd-183rd Street · Tremont Avenue · 174th-175th Street · 170th Street · 167th Street · 161st Street-Yankee Stadium · 155th Street-8th Avenue · 145th Street · 135th Street · 125th Street · 116th Street · 110th Street-Cathedral Parkway · 103rd Street · 96th Street · 86th Street · 81st Street-Museum of Natural History · 72nd Street · 59th Street-Columbus Circle · 7th Avenue-53rd Street · 47-50th Street-Rockefeller Center · 42nd Street · 34th Street-Herald Square · West 4th Street-Washington Square · Broadway-Lafayette · Grand Street · DeKalb Avenue · Atlantic Avenue · 7th Avenue · Prospect Park · Church Avenue · Newkirk Plaza · Kings Highway · Sheepshead Bay · Brighton Beach
C.GIF 168th Street · 163rd Street-Amsterdam Avenue · 155th Street · 145th Street · 135th Street · 125th Street · 116th Street · 110th Street-Cathedral Parkway · 103rd Street · 96th Street · 86th Street · 81st Street-Museum of Natural History · 72nd Street · 59th Street-Columbus Circle · 50th Street · 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal · 34th Street-Penn Station · 23rd Street · 14th Street · West 4th Street-Washington Square · Spring Street · Canal Street-Holland Tunnel · Chambers Street-World Trade Center · Fulton Street (Broadway-Nassau) · High Street-Brooklyn Bridge · Jay St.-Metrotech (Borough Hall) · Hoyt-Schermerhorn Street · Lafayette Avenue · Clinton-Washington Avenues · Franklin Avenue · Nostrand Avenue · Kingston-Throop Avenues · Utica Avenue · Ralph Avenue · Rockaway Avenue · Broadway-East New York · Liberty Avenue · Van Siclen Avenue · Shepherd Avenue · Euclid Avenue
D.GIF 205th Street · Bedford Park Boulevard ·Kingsbridge Road ·Fordham Road · 182nd-183rd Street · Tremont Avenue · 174th-175th Street · 170th Street · 167th Street · 161st Street-Yankee Stadium · 155th Street-8th Avenue · 145th Street · 125th Street · 59th Street-Columbus Circle · 7th Avenue-53rd Street · 47-50th Street-Rockefeller Center · 42nd Street · 34th Street-Herald Square · West 4th Street-Washington Square · Broadway-Lafayette · Grand Street · Pacific Street · 36th Street · 59th Street · 9th Avenue · Fort Hamilton Parkway · 50th Street · 55th Street · 62nd Street · 71st Street · 79th Street · 18th Avenue · 20th Avenue · Bay Parkway · 25th Avenue · Bay 50th Street · Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue
E.GIF Jamaica Center -- Parsons-Archer · Sutphin Blvd.-Archer Ave.-JFK · Jamaica-Van Wyck · Union Turnpike-Kew Gardens · 71st-Continental Aves.-Forest Hills · Roosevelt Avenue · Queens Plaza · Court Square · Lexington Avenue-53rd Street · 5th Avenue-53rd Street · 7th Avenue-53rd Street · 50th Street · 42nd Street-Port Authority Bus Terminal · 34th Street-Penn Station · 23rd Street · 14th Street · West 4th Street-Washington Square · Spring Street · Canal Street-Holland Tunnel · Chambers Street-World Trade Center


Page Credits

By Peggy Darlington.









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