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Station: 110th Street-Central Park North (Lenox Avenue Line)

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148th Street-Lenox Terminal · 145th Street · 135th Street · 125th Street · 116th Street · 110th Street-Central Park North · 96th Street · 72nd Street · Times Square-42nd Street · 34th Street-Penn Station · 14th Street · Chambers Street · Park Place · Fulton Street · Wall Street · Clark Street · Borough Hall · Hoyt Street · Nevins Street · Atlantic Avenue · Bergen Street · Grand Army Plaza · Eastern Parkway-Brooklyn Museum · Franklin Avenue · Nostrand Avenue · Kingston Avenue · Utica Avenue · Sutter Avenue-Rutland Road · Saratoga Avenue · Rockaway Avenue · Junius Street · Pennsylvania Avenue · Van Siclen Avenue · New Lots Avenue

Template:The First Subway


Overview

Opened: 11/23/1904

The Lenox Avenue branch of the subway was built as part of the original IRT route, starting from from 96th and Broadway to 145th and Lenox Avenue. Later additions were the tunnel extension to the Bronx and the 1968 extension to 148th street, the new terminal station being at grade level next to the IRT yards.

At 110th Street, there is an island platform and two tracks. The fare control is at the south end of the station at platform level. There is also a high exit in the center. The station has been renovated.

In 1916, a bomb was set off on the platform of the 110th Street station by several men trying to influence settlement of a strike by IRT workers. Reports from the 1916-1917 editions of Electric Railway Journal detail the plot:

October 28, 1916. Dynamite Exploded in New York Subway. A charge of dynamite which injured two persons, tore up a rail, and blew a hole 18 in. deep in the cement bed of the track was set off at 4:37 a. m. on Oct. 25 at the southern end of the platform of the subway station at 110th Street and Lenox Avenue, New York. The police asserted that in their opinion the dynamite was set off by persons sympathizing with the strike of Interborough Rapid Transit Company employees, though they said they had no evidence to connect the crime with any individual. Of the two persons injured one was the ticket agent, who was cut by glass. The other was a [passenger] who was descending the steps of the south end of the station.

November 11, 1916. Arrests Made In Subway Dynamiting Case.- Six men were arrested on Nov. 3 and accused by the police of New York of having been in a conspiracy to blow up subway stations in an effort to force a settlement of the street railway strike that would be favorable to the strikers. The short affidavit prepared at the direction of District Attorney Swann preparatory to the arraignment of the prisoners before a magistrate charged specifically that all of the prisoners, either directly or indirectly, were concerned in the placing of a dynamite bomb which exploded with disastrous results in the subway station at Lenox Avenue and 110th Street early on the morning of Oct. 24, referred to in the ELECTRIC RAILWAY JOURNAL of Oct. 28, page 947. Four of the six men arrested are said to be officials of Local No. 731 of the Amalgamated Association. The prisoners were committed to jail, in default of $20,000 bail each, for further examination. The cases of the men were set for hearing on Nov. 8, but the court put the matter over until Nov. 10, despite the protest of Louis Fridiger, representing the accused men.

Captain Tunney of the New York police bomb squad is reported to have said in an interview in which he described how the plotters had been apprehended: "Merna confessed it was his plan to dynamite the Times Square or Fifty-ninth Street subway station this morning at 4 o'clock. Merna said to me, 'Why, I'm perfectly willing to give up my life to help these 11,000 strikers.' He said to me, 'I didn't want to kill anybody. At 110th Street we waited until two trains had passed so as to keep from blowing one up.'

"They admitted that all the money they used, $190, had come from the public. You know how strikers have been going around town playing hand organs and begging. They said they got $60, $70 and sometimes $80 a day in small contributions."

November 11, 1916. Financing The Bomb Squad.- "It is all beautifully simple. You give the strikers a nickel and they buy a brick with it and soak you with the brick." Thus spoke Don Marquis recently in his column in the New York Evening Sun, in satirically commenting upon the fact that striking car men in New York City were stationing organ grinders along the streets to beg financial aid from the general public. When we published Don Marquis's remarks in last week's issue, however, their truth had not been fully brought home to the public. Last Saturday four officials of the union local, a striking subway guard and a chauffeur were arrested and charged with complicity in a plot that had resulted in the dynamiting of the 110th Street and Lenox Avenue subway station on Oct. 25. Probably the most striking revelation made by the police was that the money used to buy the dynamite and carry out the plot came from the nickels and dimes taken in by the strikers' hand-organ collectors. The folly of lending financial aid in a haphazard manner to an uninvestigated, and, on its face, questionable cause, was never better illustrated. It is to be hoped that the public has learned its lesson. The Amalgamated Association officials promptly disclaimed any knowledge of the plot, but it would have been very much more to their credit if they had been responsible for its detection rather than the police, especially as they should have known what the local treasurer was doing with the money collected. The least thing which these officials can now do is to make plain to both public and police that they are co-operating to the fullest extent with th3 authorities in running down all who had anything to do with this dastardly outrage.

November 18, 1916. Men Deny Dynamiting New York Subway.- The six alleged dynamiters of the Lenox Avenue subway station of the Interborough Rapid Transit Company, New York, N.Y., appeared before Judge Delehanty in General Sessions on Nov. 13 and through their attorney, Louis Fridiger, entered pleas of not guilty. John McCourt, the seventh man indicted, was remanded to the Tombs until Nov. 15 for pleading.

March 17, 1917. Dynamiter Sentenced to Sing Sing.- Michael J. Herlihy, financial secretary of the local association organized by the Amalgamated among the New York subway employees, was sentenced on March 13 in the Criminal Branch of the Supreme Court to a term of from ten to twenty years in Sing Sing for dynamiting during the strike in New York last year. Herlihy was arrested on Nov. 3, 1916, as mentioned in the Electric Railway JOURNAL for Nov. 11, 1916, page 1034, on a charge of having attempted to blow up the Lenox Avenue subway at the 110th Street station. The dynamiting resulted in the injury of two persons. It was testified at the trial on March 8 that statements made in speeches of the labor leaders encouraged acts of violence when arbitration seemed impossible. In passing sentence Justice Tompkins said the charge was a particularly serious one because Herlihy was well aware that many thousand people constantly used the subway. Six other members of the union were indicted on similar charges.

On March 14 James J. Merna and William Molsky, alias McCord, former subway guards, pleaded guilty before Suppreme Court Justice Tompkins of participation in the bomb explosion in the 110th Street station of the subway last November. Merna told Assistant District Attorney Weller they also intended to place a bomb in the subway at Times Square and had received $100 from Benjamin Hamilton, who is indicted, to buy the explosives for Times Square. Merna and Molsky were to be sentenced on March 19.

Artwork

Message from Malcolm, Maren Hassinger (1998)

Photo Gallery


Image 321
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Photo by: Wayne Whitehorne
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 322
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Photo by: Wayne Whitehorne
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 7883
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Photo by: David Sagarin/Historic American Engineering Record
Collection of: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 7884
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Photo by: David Sagarin/Historic American Engineering Record
Collection of: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 49541
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Photo by: Robbie Rosenfeld
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 52749
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Photo by: Anthony Maimone
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 53297
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Photo by: Anthony Maimone
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 88483
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Photo by: Aliandro Brathwaite
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 92447
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Photo by: Roberto C. Tobar
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 96527
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Photo by: Brian Weinberg
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 144161
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Photo by: Bernard Chatreau
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 144162
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Photo by: Bernard Chatreau
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North

Image 144166
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Photo by: Bernard Chatreau
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North
Artwork: Message from Malcolm (Maren Hassinger)

Image 144168
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Photo by: Bernard Chatreau
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North
Artwork: Message from Malcolm (Maren Hassinger)

Image 144169
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Photo by: Bernard Chatreau
Location: 110th Street/Central Park North


More Images: 1-35









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